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DIY Guide: Build a Custom Mechanical Keyboard

Ever wondered what it would be like to have custom keyboards that perfectly match your typing style and personality? Imagine the idea of a keyboard designed specifically with your mind in mind, allowing you to express yourself with every keystroke. With a personalized space bar, you can truly make your keyboard unique and tailored to your preferences. In this DIY guide to making custom keyboards, you’ll discover the satisfaction of creating your own personalized typing experience using cherry mx switches and the necessary equipment.

Are you tired of the generic keyboards that offer little in terms of customization? If so, it’s time to explore the world of keyboard kits. These kits come with all the necessary equipment and pins, allowing you to build your own customized keyboard. With keyboard kits, you can choose from different kinds of keyboards that suit your preferences and needs. Say goodbye to generic keyboards and hello to a personalized typing experience. Are you ready to dive into the world of mechanical keyboards and unlock endless possibilities for customization with Cherry MX switches? Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced enthusiast, our keyboard kit includes everything you need, from PCB to pins, to create your dream keyboard. This easy, beginner-friendly guide will take you step-by-step through the process of making your very own mechanical keyboard using PCBs and parts. From choosing the right pins to assembling the components, this guide has got you covered. From choosing the right materials and cases to mounting switches, keycaps, and keyboard parts, we’ve got you covered with all the information you need for new keyboard kits.

So, if you’re ready to embark on an exciting journey that will not only enhance your typing experience but also give you a sense of pride in your creation, buckle up and get ready to build the perfect keyboard kit that suits your every typing need. With the help of pins and following each step, you can create a cherry keyboard that is uniquely yours.

Deciding on Your Custom Mechanical Keyboard Type

To embark on your journey of building a mechanical keyboard, it’s essential to understand the different types of custom mechanical keyboards available. These keyboards consist of various parts such as pins and PCB, which can be assembled using a kit. This step will help you find the perfect housing match for your needs and preferences in no time. Pin down the information you need to make an informed decision.

Understand Different Types of Custom Mechanical Keyboards

There is a wide array of housing options to choose from, whether you’re looking for a board, plate, or time. Each type offers its own unique features and advantages. Some popular choices for keyboards include full-size PCB keyboards, tenkeyless (TKL) keyboards with stabilizers, compact 60% keyboards with stabilizers, and ergonomic split keyboards that offer a unique sound.

Consider Factors like Form Factor, Layout, and Programmability

The form factor of your custom keyboard is crucial in determining the size and layout of your build. This includes the plate and PCB, which are essential components in the construction process. Each step in building your keyboard is influenced by the form factor, ensuring a seamless and efficient design. Full-size keyboards offer all the standard keys along with a number pad, making them perfect for those who need a complete set of keys on their PCB. On the other hand, TKL keyboards omit the number pad, resulting in a more compact design that saves space and reduces the time required for assembly. Compact 60% keyboards further reduce size by eliminating function keys and dedicated arrow keys, while also utilizing a compact pcb, stabilizers, plate, and step design.

Layout is another crucial consideration. You can opt for traditional keyboard layouts like ANSI, which include the key caps, board, plate, and PCB. Alternatively, you can also explore alternative layouts like ISO or ortholinear. Each layout, including the key caps, board, PCB, and plate, has its own benefits in terms of ergonomics and typing efficiency.

Programmability is an exciting step that allows you to get a customized keyboard’s functionality. With a programmable PCB, you can easily customize your keyboard’s key layout and functions. This flexibility gives you the freedom to create a keyboard that perfectly suits your needs and preferences. Whether you want to remap keys, create macros, or even design your own unique layout, a programmable PCB is the key to unlocking endless possibilities. So, don’t settle for a standard keyboard when you can get a fully customizable one with programmability. Upgrade your typing experience and take control With programmable keys, macros, and layers, you can create shortcuts on your PCB board and personalize your typing experience according to your workflow. Get the plate board to enhance your typing experience.

Find the Perfect Match for Your Needs

Choosing the right custom mechanical keyboard ultimately boils down to finding what suits your pcb and plate needs best. If you’re someone who requires a numpad for data entry or gaming macros, a full-size keyboard with a pcb and plate might be ideal for you to get. On the other hand, if portability is crucial or desk space is limited, a compact 60% pcb keyboard plate could be more suitable to get.

Consider how you plan to use your new keyboard. Are you primarily using it for gaming? Look for options with customizable RGB lighting or specialized gaming features to get the perfect board for your PCB needs. If you’re a programmer or writer, a keyboard with programmable keys and ergonomic design might be more appealing to get. Whether you need it for PCB design or writing code, having a keyboard that allows you to customize the keys can greatly enhance your productivity. Additionally, an ergonomic design can provide comfort and reduce strain on your wrists while you work. So if you’re looking to improve your typing experience, consider getting a programmable PCB keyboard.

Explore different keyboard kits available in the market. These pcb kits often provide all the necessary components and allow you to get customization, giving you the freedom to create your dream keyboard.

Choosing the Right Size and Features

One of the first decisions you’ll need to make is choosing the right size and features for your PCB. Get the right size and features for your PCB by making informed choices. This step is crucial as it determines the overall functionality and aesthetics of your custom keyboard’s pcb. Get it right to ensure a great user experience. Let’s explore some key considerations to help you get make an informed decision.

Determine the Ideal Size

Different sizes of keyboards offer varying levels of compactness and portability. Whether you’re a professional or a casual user, it’s important to consider the size of the keyboard you want to get. Compact keyboards, such as 60% or tenkeyless (TKL) options, are smaller in size and do not include a number pad or function keys. With these keyboards, you can get a more streamlined and space-saving typing experience. They are perfect for those who prefer a minimalist setup or require more desk space for other tasks.

On the other hand, full-size keyboards provide all the standard keys along with a dedicated number pad and function keys. These keyboards are ideal for users who work extensively with numbers or require quick access to various functions.

Explore Additional Features

Apart from size, there are several additional features that you can consider when designing your custom mechanical keyboard. One popular feature is backlighting, which allows you to customize the color and intensity of your keyboard’s lighting. Backlighting not only adds visual appeal but also enhances visibility in low-light environments.

Media controls are another useful feature that enables you to conveniently adjust volume, play/pause music, or skip tracks without having to reach for external controls. This can be particularly handy during gaming sessions or when working on multimedia projects.

Macro keys provide programmable shortcuts that can streamline your workflow or enhance gaming performance. These dedicated keys allow you to assign complex commands or repetitive tasks to a single press, saving time and effort.

Tailor Your Keyboard’s Functionality

Ultimately, your choice of size and features should align with your specific needs and preferences. Consider how you will be using your keyboard – whether it’s for work, gaming, or a combination of both – and tailor its functionality accordingly.

For example, if you are a programmer or writer who relies heavily on function keys and shortcuts, opting for a full-size keyboard with programmable macro keys might be the best choice. On the other hand, if you prioritize portability and prefer a minimalist setup, a compact keyboard without extra features may suit your needs better.

There are countless possibilities available. From different keycap materials and colors to unique layouts and themes, you can truly personalize every aspect of your mechanical keyboard.

Understanding the Core Components of a Mechanical Keyboard

To truly appreciate the art of building a mechanical keyboard, it’s essential to understand its core components. These components work together harmoniously to create a responsive and satisfying typing experience. Let’s delve into the key elements that make up a mechanical keyboard.

Key Switches

Key switches are at the heart of every mechanical keyboard. They determine how each keystroke feels and sounds. There are various types of key switches available, including linear, tactile, and clicky switches. Linear switches provide a smooth keystroke without any tactile feedback or audible click. Tactile switches offer a slight bump when pressed, providing feedback to the typist. Clicky switches not only have a tactile bump but also produce an audible click sound with each keystroke.

PCBs (Printed Circuit Boards)

The PCB is like the nervous system of a mechanical keyboard. It acts as the central hub that connects all the other components together. The PCB houses electrical traces that allow for communication between the key switches and your computer when you press a key. Some keyboards even come with programmable PCBs, allowing you to customize your keyboard layout and assign macros to specific keys.


Stabilizers play an important role in ensuring consistent and balanced keypresses on larger keys such as the spacebar, enter key, or shift keys. They prevent wobbling or uneven movement by stabilizing these longer keys when pressed off-center. Stabilizers consist of metal wires or plastic inserts that help keep these larger keys steady during use.


Keycaps are what you see and touch when typing on a mechanical keyboard. They come in various shapes, sizes, materials, and profiles such as OEM (original equipment manufacturer), Cherry profile, SA profile, etc. Choosing different keycaps can significantly impact both aesthetics and typing feel.


The case provides structural support for all the components and gives the keyboard its overall shape and design. Keyboard cases can be made from various materials such as plastic, aluminum, or even wood. Each material offers a different level of rigidity and aesthetics.


While often overlooked, the cable is an important component that connects your mechanical keyboard to your computer. It carries the electrical signals from the PCB to your computer’s USB port. Some keyboards come with detachable cables, allowing for easy customization or replacement.

Understanding these core components will empower you to build a mechanical keyboard tailored to your preferences. By selecting the right key switches, PCB, stabilizers, keycaps, case, and cable, you can create a personalized typing experience that enhances productivity and enjoyment.

Selecting the Ideal Switches and Keycaps

One of the most exciting aspects is selecting the switches and keycaps. This allows you to personalize your typing experience and create a keyboard that matches your style. Let’s explore some key points to consider when choosing switches and keycaps for your DIY mechanical keyboard.

Different Switch Options

There are various switch options available, each offering a unique typing experience. Linear switches provide a smooth keystroke without any tactile feedback or clicking sound. Tactile switches offer a slight bump or resistance when pressed, providing feedback to let you know the keystroke has been registered. Clicky switches not only provide tactile feedback but also produce an audible click sound with each press.

Customizing Your Keyboard’s Feel

To further customize the feel of your keyboard, you can select different actuation forces and feedback levels for your switches. Actuation force refers to the amount of pressure required to register a keystroke. Some switches have lighter actuation forces, allowing for faster typing speeds, while others require more force for deliberate keystrokes.

Feedback levels determine how much physical feedback you receive from each keystroke. Some people prefer a more pronounced tactile bump or audible click, while others may prefer a smoother typing experience without much physical feedback. By choosing different switch options with varying actuation forces and feedback levels, you can tailor your keyboard’s feel to suit your preferences.

Enhancing Aesthetics with Keycaps

Keycaps are another important component of a mechanical keyboard that can greatly enhance its aesthetics. There are countless options availableProfiles, colors, and designs.

Keycap materials range from ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) plastic to PBT (Polybutylene Terephthalate) plastic or even premium materials like aluminum or brass. Each material offers its own unique texture and durability.

Keycap profiles refer to the shape of the keycaps. Common profiles include OEM, Cherry, DSA, and SA. Each profile has its own ergonomic considerations and visual appeal.

Colors and designs are where you can truly express your creativity. From vibrant colors to unique patterns or even custom artisan keycaps, there is a wide range of options available to make your keyboard stand out.

By carefully selecting keycaps that complement your switches and overall design scheme, you can create a visually stunning keyboard that reflects your personal style.

Essential Tools and Materials for Your DIY Project

To successfully embark on your journey of building a mechanical keyboard, it is crucial to gather all the necessary tools and materials. Having the right equipment will ensure a smooth assembly process and help you achieve the desired results. Here are some essential tools and materials you’ll need for your DIY project:


Having a set of screwdrivers with various sizes and types is essential for disassembling and assembling different parts of the keyboard. This will allow you to easily access components such as switches, PCBs, or plastic cases.

Soldering Iron

A soldering iron is a must-have tool. It enables you to connect wires, switches, and other electrical components securely. Make sure to choose a reliable soldering iron that heats up quickly and maintains a consistent temperature.

Desoldering Pump

In case you make any mistakes during the soldering process or need to replace components, a desoldering pump will come in handy. It allows you to remove excess solder effectively without damaging the PCB or other delicate parts.


Tweezers are useful for handling small components like diodes or resistors with precision. They provide better control when placing these tiny elements onto the PCB.


High-quality solder is crucial for creating strong connections between components. Look for lead-free solder with good flux properties to ensure reliable joints.


Depending on the type of keyboard case you choose, having an assortment of screws in different sizes will be necessary for securing various parts together.

Plastic Cases or Metal Plates

The choice between plastic cases or metal plates depends on personal preference and desired aesthetics. Both options have their advantages; plastic cases are lightweight while metal plates offer durability and rigidity.

Lubricant (Lube)

Using lubricant on switch springs can reduce friction, resulting in smoother keystrokes. It is recommended to use a high-quality lube specifically designed for mechanical keyboards.


A reliable cable is essential for connecting your keyboard to your computer. Opt for a braided or coiled cable that not only looks stylish but also provides durability and flexibility.

PCBs (Printed Circuit Boards)

PCBs are the backbone of any mechanical keyboard. They provide the electrical connections between switches and other components. Ensure you choose a PCB that supports your desired layout, keycap compatibility, and any additional features you may want.


The heart of every mechanical keyboard lies in its switches. There are various types of switches available, each offering different characteristics such as tactile feedback, actuation force, and sound profile.

Step-by-Step Assembly Guide

Assembling your own mechanical keyboard can be an exciting and rewarding experience. With the help of detailed instructions and clear visuals, you’ll be able to bring your custom keyboard to life step by step.

Take advantage of detailed instructions on assembling each component step-by-step

Having access to detailed instructions is crucial. Fortunately, this DIY guide provides you with comprehensive guidance on how to assemble each component of your keyboard. From the circuit board to the aluminum case, every step is explained in a clear and concise manner.

By following these step-by-step instructions, you can ensure that each part is placed correctly and connected properly. This attention to detail will result in a fully functional mechanical keyboard that meets your specific preferences and requirements.

Follow along with clear visuals to ensure accurate placement and connection of parts

In addition to the detailed instructions, this guide also includes clear visuals that illustrate each step of the assembly process. These visuals serve as visual aids, helping you understand where each component should be placed and how they should be connected.

With these visuals at your disposal, you can easily follow along and ensure that everything is aligned correctly. Whether it’s inserting switches into the printed circuit board (PCB) or securing the PCB inside the aluminum case, these visuals provide a visual reference for accurate placement.

Enjoy a rewarding experience as you bring your custom mechanical keyboard to life

Building your own mechanical keyboard is not just about creating a functional tool; it’s also about enjoying the process itself. As you follow the assembly guide and see your keyboard take shape, there’s a sense of satisfaction that comes from knowing you’ve created something unique.

The DIY aspect allows for customization options like swapping out PCBs or socket types according to personal preference. You have control over every aspect of your keyboard’s design—from choosing keycaps to selecting switches—with endless possibilities for customization.

Moreover, the process of building a mechanical keyboard can also be educational. It provides an opportunity to learn more about the inner workings of keyboards and gain hands-on experience with electronics and soldering.

Sound Dampening and Modifying Components

To further enhance your mechanical keyboard experience, it’s important to explore techniques that can reduce the noise produced by your keyboard. Modifying certain components can greatly improve performance and optimize the overall typing feel. Let’s delve into some key ways to achieve these goals.

Reduce Noise with Sound Dampening Techniques

One of the primary concerns. While some users enjoy the satisfying click or clack of their switches, others prefer a quieter typing experience. Luckily, there are several methods you can employ to dampen the sound generated by your keyboard.

  1. Switch Dampeners: These rubber O-rings or silicone dampeners can be placed on each keycap stem to absorb the impact when a key is pressed, effectively reducing noise and bottoming-out sound.
  2. Case Foam: Adding foam inside the keyboard case helps absorb vibrations and prevents them from resonating through the case material, resulting in a quieter typing experience.
  3. Acoustic Barriers: Some enthusiasts opt for acoustic barriers made from materials like gaskets or polycarbonate sheets that sit between the PCB and plate or between layers of a stacked case design. These barriers help isolate sound transmission and reduce overall noise levels.

Modify Components for Improved Performance

In addition to reducing noise, modifying certain components can significantly enhance your typing experience. Let’s take a look at two crucial components: stabilizers and switches.

  1. Stabilizers: Stabilizers play a vital role in ensuring consistent keypresses across larger keys such as spacebars or shifts. Lubricating stabilizer wires with dielectric grease or thick lubricants reduces rattle and provides smoother movement.
  2. Switches: Switch modification allows you to fine-tune their behavior according to your preferences. This includes lubing switches with specialized lubricants for smoother actuation and reducing friction, as well as spring-swapping to modify the key feel.

Optimize Key Feel

Beyond noise reduction and component modification, optimizing the key feel is another aspect that can greatly enhance your typing experience. Here are a couple of techniques you can employ:

  1. Switch Films: Switch films are thin adhesive layers that sit between the switch housing and PCB, providing a tighter fit for the switch components. They help reduce wobble and provide a more stable typing experience.
  2. Keycap Selection: Choosing keycaps made from materials like PBT (polybutylene terephthalate) can improve durability and minimize shine over time.

Testing and Troubleshooting Your Build

Test Each Component for Functionality

Before you can enjoy the satisfying click of your custom mechanical keyboard, it’s crucial to test each component for functionality. Start by checking the switches. Press each key to ensure that it registers a response on your computer. This step will help you identify any faulty switches that may need replacement.

Next, move on to testing the PCB (Printed Circuit Board). Connect it to your computer and check if all the keys are recognized. You can use software programs like Keyboard Tester or Aqua Key Test to assist you in this process. Ensure that every key press is registered accurately.

Identify Common Assembly Issues

During the assembly process, it’s not uncommon to encounter a few hiccups along the way. One common issue is soldering mistakes. Inspect each joint carefully, looking for any cold joints or bridges between adjacent pins. Cold joints occur when there isn’t enough heat applied during soldering, resulting in a weak connection. Bridges occur when excess solder creates an unintended connection between two pins.

Another issue you may come across is stabilizer problems. Stabilizers are essential for maintaining key stability and preventing unwanted wobbling or sticking keys. Make sure they are properly installed and lubricated if necessary.

Double-check the alignment of your switches on the PCB. Misaligned switches can lead to keys not registering correctly or feeling inconsistent when pressed.

Troubleshoot Effectively

If you encounter issues with your build, troubleshooting is key to ensuring a fully functional keyboard. Start by reviewing your soldering work and inspecting for any potential mistakes or defects.

If certain keys aren’t registering, try desoldering and resoldering those specific switches. It’s possible that there might be an issue with the switch itself or its connection to the PCB.

For stabilizer-related problems such as wobbling or sticking keys, consider adjusting their positioning or lubricating them with a suitable lubricant. This can help improve their performance and reduce any unwanted noise.

If you’re still experiencing issues after troubleshooting, it may be helpful to consult online forums or communities dedicated to mechanical keyboards. These communities often have experienced enthusiasts who can provide guidance and solutions based on their own experiences.

Remember, building a mechanical keyboard is a process that requires patience and attention to detail. Testing each component for functionality, identifying common assembly issues, and troubleshooting effectively will ensure that your DIY keyboard provides the optimal typing experience you desire.

Final Touches and Personalization

Add Personal Flair

Once you have successfully built your mechanical keyboard, it’s time to add some personal flair and make it truly unique. One way to achieve this is by investing in custom keycap sets. These sets come in a variety of colors, designs, and materials, allowing you to choose the ones that best reflect your style. Whether you prefer a sleek and minimalist look or something more vibrant and eye-catching, there are keycap sets available to suit every preference.

Artisan Keycaps and Novelty Keycaps

For those who want to take customization a step further, artisan keycaps and novelty keycaps are worth considering. Artisan keycaps are handcrafted by skilled artisans and often feature intricate designs or characters inspired by pop culture. These keycaps can add a touch of personality to your keyboard and make it stand out from the crowd. On the other hand, novelty keycaps come in various shapes and forms, ranging from adorable animals to miniature food items. They offer a fun and whimsical way to personalize your keyboard.

Optional Modifications

In addition to keycap customization, there are other optional modifications you can consider to further enhance your custom mechanical keyboard. One popular option is case customization. This involves changing the appearance of the keyboard case by painting it or applying vinyl wraps with different colors or patterns. With case customization, you have the opportunity to create a truly one-of-a-kind keyboard that matches your aesthetic preferences.

Another modification worth exploring is cable sleeving. This involves replacing the standard cables that connect your keyboard with custom-designed ones featuring different colors or materials. Cable sleeving not only adds visual appeal but also helps with cable management by keeping them organized and tangle-free.

Make It Reflective of Your Style

The beauty of building a custom mechanical keyboard lies in its ability to be an expression of your personal style. By combining various customization options such as keycap sets, artisan keycaps, case customization, and cable sleeving, you can create a keyboard that is not only functional but also reflects your unique personality.

Whether you prefer a sleek and professional look or something more vibrant and playful, the possibilities are endless. Take inspiration from your favorite colors, themes, or even hobbies to design a keyboard that truly represents who you are. Remember, this is your chance to let your creativity shine and make a statement with your custom mechanical keyboard.


Congratulations! You’ve made it to the end of this DIY guide on building a mechanical keyboard. Throughout this article, we’ve covered everything you need to know to create your own personalized keyboard from scratch. From deciding on the type and size to selecting the ideal switches and keycaps, we’ve provided you with a step-by-step assembly guide and tips for testing and troubleshooting your build.

Now that you have all the knowledge and tools at your disposal, it’s time to unleash your creativity and start building your dream mechanical keyboard. Whether you’re a gaming enthusiast or a typing aficionado, having a custom keyboard that suits your preferences can greatly enhance your experience.

So go ahead, gather the necessary materials, follow the instructions, and embark on this exciting DIY project. Enjoy the satisfaction of creating something unique that reflects your style and enhances your typing or gaming performance. Happy building!

Frequently Asked Questions

How difficult is it to build a mechanical keyboard?

Building a mechanical keyboard can be challenging for beginners, but with the right tools and instructions, it becomes an enjoyable DIY project. Take your time, follow the guide step by step, and don’t hesitate to ask for help if needed.

What tools do I need to build a mechanical keyboard?

To build a mechanical keyboard, you’ll need basic tools like a soldering iron, solder wire, wire cutters/strippers, screwdrivers (Phillips and flathead), tweezers, and desoldering pump. Having a multimeter and some lubricant can come in handy during the process.

Can I customize the layout of my mechanical keyboard?

Yes! One of the great advantages of building your own mechanical keyboard is the ability to fully customize its layout. You can choose between different key sizes and positions according to your preferences. Just make sure that the PCB (printed circuit board) you select supports your desired layout.

Which switches should I use for my mechanical keyboard?

The choice of switches depends on personal preference. There are various types available such as linear switches (smooth keystrokes), tactile switches (noticeable feedback), or clicky switches (audible feedback). Consider factors like typing style and noise level before selecting the ideal switch type for your needs.

Where can I find resources/guides for building a mechanical keyboard?

You can find numerous online resources and guides that provide detailed instructions on building a mechanical keyboard. Websites like Reddit’s r/MechanicalKeyboards community or dedicated forums offer valuable insights from experienced enthusiasts. YouTube channels also offer video tutorials that can assist you throughout the process.

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